Do you notice that sometimes you remember where you left keys or can not remember important facts? Fortunately, there are ways how to improve your memory. Before you go to another important exam, check on yourself these proven techniques and techniques for improving memory. These techniques are well described in books on cognitive psychology. Thanks to them, you can achieve stunning effects and achieve memory utilization by 20% better.
1. Focus your attention actively on the material you are studying
One of the most important elements of memory, its basis is attention. With a view to the long-term rather than short-term storage of information should be given maximum attention to what you see before your eyes and try to remember. Try to work on your development away from distractions in the form of a TV, a computer with the Internet and a turntable. These digital advances are best used during the break.
2. Avoid memorizing material at once
According to Byork (2011), studying the material over a long period of time allows him to fully understand and learn better. Those students who gradually studied the material throughout the semester showed better results during the exams than those who tried to learn everything in one night. This is due to the fact that gradual learning is postponed in long-term memory, while "cramming" results in the use of short-term memory. Try not to arrange such an emergency for your memory.
3. Carefully organize the received material in your memory
Scientists have discovered that information is organized in memory in adjacent clusters. And therefore you can actively use the biologically conditioned memory structure in your own interests. Try grouping similar facts all together, or using diagrams and drawings to depict the information on paper to reveal the connections between the facts.
4 . Use mnemonic techniques to better remember information
Mnemonic is not just a way to remember information. It is widely used by people to achieve better memory performance results. Studies have revealed that by creating different associations for those facts that need to be remembered, people quickly remembered them and kept them in their heads longer. Try to create in your mind a funny joke related to the necessary information, you can even come up with a rhyme or a small verse.
5. Associate the old information with the newly received
When studying new data, try to remember how they relate to those that were studied earlier. Draw parallels, establish cause-effect relationships and after a while you will realize that not only have you remembered the new material well, remember what you have already learned, but also have a great deal of knowledge on this subject. This will be useful, above all, for those who need to thoroughly study a particular topic. For example, when writing a thesis. Using this method, you can easily answer all questions of the commission.
6. Visualization of the concept for improving memory
Many people use a variety of graphic materials to better explore the information. Try to pay more attention to various graphic elements in your textbooks in the form of different kinds of diagrams, graphs, tables, diagrams and drawings. If they are not in the book, try to create your own for better memorization. Display information in the form of graphs or drawings in the margins, take notes or use markers or colored pens to create different schemes to understand how terms, concepts, facts relate to each other.
7. More often explain incomprehensible moments or tell what you just learned to another person
Studies show that by sharing information learned, a person significantly increases the chances that he will not soon forget about it. Well-known psychologists and teachers have paid attention to the fact that the students who are being consulted by the other students of the group are the best able to learn the material they have learned. Such "teachers" remember better what they explained in detail and intelligibly to others than what they just learned in the textbook. If you want to use this method, you will simply need to explain to your friend the complex material so that he quickly understands it.
8 . Change the situation more often
Another great way to significantly improve your memory is to change places. If you are used to working and studying in one particular place, try switching to another place during the next homework assignment. If you are an "owl" and like to study in the evening, try to spend a few minutes every morning thinking over the information you received the previous night. This element of novelty in the form of constantly changing the workplace will make it possible to achieve good results in the development of long-term memory.
Published on: 2017-12-05, 05:23 PM